South Africa (ZA)

Intro-Dan Nahor

Below is South Africa, located (as the name in suggests) in the southern tip of Africa. One of the most industrialized and rapidly growing countries in the world, it has a population of over 57 million. The capital is Cape town and the largest city is Johannesburg. There are a bevy of languages spoken in South Africa with the main languages being  Afrikaans and English but also have, many tribal languages like Zulu and Xhosa. Over 80% of the people identify as Christian.

Detailed location map of South Africa in Africa | South Africa | Africa | Mapsland | Maps of the World

Trade

Christopher Dudley

Trade indicators for South Africa include trade as a percentage of GDP which is the gross domestic product of South Africa. The second indicator of trade in South Africa are South African imports of goods and services as a percentage of GDP. The third and final indicator for South Africa are South African exports of goods and services as a percentage of GDP. I have chosen to look at these three indicators for South Africa over the past 10 years.

Imports of Exports of
goods and goods and
services services Trade time country
29.7 30.5 60.1 2011 south africa
31.2 29.7 60.9 2012 south africa
33.3 31 64.2 2013 south africa
33 31.5 64.4 2014 south africa
31.5 30.2 61.6 2015 south africa
30.1 30.6 60.6 2016 south africa
28.3 29.6 58 2017 south africa
29.6 29.9 59.5 2018 south africa
29.4 29.9 59.2 2019 south africa

 

Pete- Foreign Direct Investment Inflow

As is indicated by this graphical depiction of the foreign direct investment inflow of South Africa, we can observe that the country has had some ups and downs, in terms of foreign investment in the country’s industry. The minimum value on this graph (-0.8%) occurs in the year 1985, with a subsequent rise back to “normal” levels around 1995. This coincides with the major attention and backlash South Africa was receiving throughout the 1980s due to the systematic oppression of black South Africans through apartheid. The conclusion can be drawn that this drop in foreign direct investment inflow was a consequence of both widespread violence and uprisings, almost to the point of an outbreak of a civil war, of black South Africans who became fed up with the oppressive government and society; as well increasing negative opinions on the country’s apartheid state due to rising progressivism. Another peak in foreign direct investment inflow can be observed during the year 2005. It can be inferred that the investment spiked, reaching a maximum, in preparation of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which was held in the South African cities of Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg, Durban, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Polokwane, Nelspruit, and Rustenburg. The primary foreign investors in the country are China and Germany; contributing about 18.3% and 11.9%, respectively; with automobile companies such as Beijing Automotive Industry and BMW investing heavily. However, foreign companies and governments are hesitant to invest in South Africa due to “a high crime rate, increasing social unrest (strikes and demonstrations), high levels of corruption, and structural issues in electricity supply and logistics.”

 

Personal Attitudes Toward Globalization

Cale Agee

The charts below summarize surveys taken on the attitudes of globalization in South Africa. The first chart represents the questions “What do you think about the growing trade and business ties between South Africa and other countries?” and “When foreign companies buy South African companies is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad, or very bad?” The second chart represents the question, “Does trade with other countries lead to job creation, job loss, or no difference in South Africa?” After looking at the charts and the data that they give us, we can conclude that South Africa’s attitude toward globalization is more positive and it allows them to create new jobs.

 Internet usage-Dan Nahor

Internet usage and access is one of the most important indicators in measuring the extent to which a country has become “globalized”. The internet allows humans to be more connected through technology and acts as a pathway into other countries. Internet usage is also indicative to the educational abilities for students and the young. It also is indicative of where you live and your standard of living. Poorer, more rural areas around the world tend to have dilapidated Wi-Fi infrastructure and less access to the internet when compared to more affluent suburban/urban areas. South Africa has made ardent strides towards increasing usage thus putting themselves in lockstep with the globalization trends.

The first graph describes individuals using the internet and the percentage of the population which uses the internet. In South Africa we see a massive spike in 2009 and in about 5 years South Africa went from only 10% of individuals using the internet to 2016 in which over 56% of the people use the internet.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.ZS?end=2017&locations=ZA&start=1991&view=chart

The second graph measures total amount of internet servers within the country. In this realm South Africa has shot through the roof. From 2016-2019 alone South Africa added close to 800,000 secure internet servers, meaning the government is investing in making sure more south Africans are connected and have access to it. In 2019 the number of servers was 840, 493, up by alot compared to 2010 which only saw 2,667 servers in the country.

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.SECR?end=2019&locations=ZA&start=2010&view=chart

 

 

Tourism- Dan Nahor

Tourism presents himself as a good indicator for globalization because it tracks how much movement there is of people from different countries. This means that people are spending their money in international markets. With 2018 having over 10 million people entering. Countries experience higher amounts of tourism if they have stable political system, a healthy economy, and of course attractions. Countries who experience this have a higher chance of attracting people to their country and continues the process of globalization

The first graph shows the amount of people which enter the country with 2018 showing the highest year at over 10 million people. Overall flight patterns and flight numbers can show us a little about the flow of populations in and out of South Africa and the general trend as been an overall increase over the decades. Specifically from 1998 to 2018 we see an increase by close to twofold.

The second graph is much more suggestive of the globalization trend. This graph from the world bank shows the over all increase in the amount of U.S. dollars spent in South Africa because of tourism. 2011 was the peak year with almost 8.4 billion dollars. In the short term there has been a short down turn but that can be attributed to economic crisis and other factors. However there is generally an upward trend meaning that more and more of South Africa is getting more globalized, especially when considering that U.S. dollars spent in 2002 was only 2.2 billion.

 

 

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.ARVL?locations=ZA

 

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.XPND.CD?locations=ZA

 

Business Environment

 

Rule of Law (Kasey)

Captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. Data is displayed as a percentile ranking against all other countries in the world.

 

In 2009, South Africa ranked in the 58.29th percentile, in 2014 ranked in the 64.42nd percentile, and in 2019 ranked 50.96.

https://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/Home/Reports

Terrorism Christopher Dudley

The data below represents terrorism in South Africa. The line chart shows the number of incidents that has occur in South Africa from 1970 to 2016. As you can see from the graph that there was a large spike in terrorism in South Africa from 1980’s to 1995. The pie chart represents the targets of terrorist attacks since the 1970’s. The pie chart shows that the most terrorism targets are private civilians since there has been 523 attacks on private citizens. The second most targeted thing for terrorist attacks are the polices that the government has created.